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This holiday break I had the chance to work on a website for a very special customer. The request was straightforward: create a site with 4 pages, each with a small amount of content on it, and a clean design. Include Google Analytics to track how often it’s being viewed. And it must render nicely on mobile.

No problem, I thought. This will be a straightforward site for React. Perhaps I’ve finally found a use case for Gatsby. Or, should I try out something new like Svelte? Maybe what my spouse really wants is a React Native App, which I can then output to web using…

What have I become, I thought. There was nothing in those requirements that couldn’t be handled perfectly with HTML, CSS, and a bit of JS.

## Objective

My goal for this post is to showcase the approach I took to building out this little site, and show how you too can achieve the coveted perfect Lighthouse score with nothing more than some semantic HTML (and in this case, a little hash-based navigation system):

## Demo

If you’d like to skip right to the Codepen, look no further:

https://codepen.io/blefebvre/pen/mdyMWVK

The details below will all be based on this stripped-down version of the actual site that I made.

## Interesting bits

When I began putting this site together, I was pleasantly surprised with how easy it was to go framework-free. A few areas to note:

The tabs are implemented with semantically appropriate elements; nav with a role="tablist" attribute set, and anchor elements for each tab with role="tab" set (lines 8-13 of the HTML in the Codepen).

With each anchor element’s href set to a hash (i.e. <a href="#fees">), there is no need to set up a click handler on the tab elements themselves. Instead, we set up a hashchange event listener on the window which will fire whenever the page’s hash is changed - which is the effect a click on one of our tab anchors will have:

By centralizing the openTab logic in a function, we can reuse this code when the site is first opened. If a hash is provided initially we “open” that tab right away:

### No JS?

What if JS is disabled? In our case, all the content is still readable! It will appear inline, section after section, but it will all be present and accessible to the user.

The trick is in avoiding hiding the content if JS is disabled, which can be done by adding a class to a top level element (such as the body) in JS. If the code is run, you can be confident that JS is available in this user’s browser:

On the CSS side, our .visuallyhidden class will only be applied when it is a child of a .js-enabled element:

## Try it yourself

It was fun to go back to the basics with this site. While I won’t be moving away from React anytime soon for my more complex projects, I do recommended trying to work framework-free when possible.

Performance, accessibility, and the maintainability of your code are three great (and important!) reasons to do so.